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Xanthosoma sagittifolium

(L.) Schott, 1832


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Classification/taxinomie :
Famille : Araceae ;
Synonymes : Arum sagittifolium L. 1753, Xanthosoma sagittifolia ;

Synonymes français : songe fleur (Réunion), chou Caraïbe, malanga, arrowleaf, arrowleaf Oreille d'éléphant géante, taro, mangaride ;

Nom(s) anglais et/ou international(aux) : Chinese taro, tannia, mangareto (br), toya (Caraïbe), ouaheu (Caraïbe), tayo (Arouage), tayoba (Indien du Brésil), toloman (Antilles), qualusa (pe), mangareto branco (br) [var. ? (qp*)], taye (local), tayove (local) ;

Rusticité (résistance face au froid/gel) : 3,333333333

Comestibilité : - rapport de consommation et comestibilité/consommabilité inférée (partie(s) utilisable(s) et usage(s) alimentaire(s) correspondant(s)) :

Partie(s) comestible(s)µ{{{0(+x)µ : tubercules, racine, feuilles, légumeµ{{{0(+x)µ.
Utilisation(s)/usage(s)µ{{{0(+x)µ culinaire(s) :
-les cormes sont consommés grillés ou bouillis ; la plupart des cormes sont souvent donnés comme nourriture aux porcs ;
-les jeunes feuilles peuvent être consommées après cuissonµ{{{0(+x)µ (ex. : comme potherbe, brèdeµ{{{(dp*)µ).

Précautions à prendre

Précautions à prendre :

néant, inconnus ou indéterminés.

Vendeurs graines : TROPILAB INC, maraichertropical

Liens, sources et/ou références :

dont classification : "The Plant List" (en anglais) ; 3513"GRIN" (en anglais) ; INPI (recherche, en anglais) ;

dont Google (recherche de/pour) "Xanthosoma sagittifolium" : pages , images | "Macabo" : pages ; dont biographie/références de "FOOD PLANTS INTERNATIONAL" :

Abbiw, D.K., 1990, Useful Plants of Ghana. West African uses of wild and cultivated plants. Intermediate Technology Publications and the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. p 27 (As Xanthosoma mafaffa) ; Achigan-Dako, E, et al (Eds), 2009, Catalogue of Traditional Vegetables in Benin. International Foundation for Science. (As Xanthosoma mafaffa) ; Ambasta, S.P. (Ed.), 2000, The Useful Plants of India. CSIR India. p 693 (Also as Xanthosoma nigrum) ; Anderson, E. F., 1993, Plants and people of the Golden Triangle. Dioscorides Press. p 224 (As Xanthosoma violaceum) ; Barrau, J., 1976, Subsistence Agriculture in Polynesia and Micronesia. Bernice P. Bishop Museu, Bulletin 223 Honolulu Hawaii. Kraus reprint. p 39 (As Xanthosoma violaceum) and (Also as Xanthosoma violaceum) ; Bennett, B. C., 1990, Useful Plants of Amazonian Ecuador. US Agency for International Development. Fifth Progress Report. New York Botanical Gardens. p 40 (As Xanthosoma violaceum) ; Borrell, O.W., 1989, An Annotated Checklist of the Flora of Kairiru Island, New Guinea. Marcellin College, Victoria Australia. p 17 ; Brickell, C. (Ed.), 1999, The Royal Horticultural Society A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Convent Garden Books. p 1065 (Also as Xanthosoma violaceum) ; Brown, D., 2000, Aroids. Plants of the Arum family. Timber Press. (Second edition) p 258 (As Xanthosoma nigrum) ; Burkill, H. M., 1985, The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vol. 1. Kew. ; Burkill, I.H., 1966, A Dictionary of the Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula. Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Vol 2 (I-Z) p 2312 (Also as Xanthosoma violaceum) ; Chizmar Fernandez, C., et al, 2009, Plantas comestibles de Centroamerica. Instituto de Biodiversidad, Costa Rica. p 63 ; Cobley, L.S. (rev. Steele, W.M.) 2nd Ed., 1976, An Introduction to the Botany of Tropical Crops. Longmans. p 126 ; Coe, F. G. and Anderson, G. J., 1999, Ethnobotany of the Sumu (Ulwa) of Southeastern Nicaragua and Comparisons with Miskitu Plant Lore. Economic Botany Vol. 53. No. 4. pp. 363-386 ; Facciola, S., 1998, Cornucopia 2: a Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications, p 25 (As Xanthosoma mafaffa) and p 25 (As Xanthosoma violaceum) ; FAO, 1993, Valor Nutritivo Y Usis en Alimantacion humana de Algunis Cultivos Autoctonos Subexplotados de Mesoamerica. FAO, Santiago, Chile. p 78 ; Flora of Australia Volume 49, Oceanic Islands 1, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra. (1994) p 417 ; Foo, J.T.S.(ed), 1996, A Guide to Common Vegetables. Singapore Science Foundation. p 16 ; French, B.R., 1986, Food Plants of Papua New Guinea, A Compendium. Asia Pacific Science Foundation p 4 ; French, B.R., 2010, Food Plants of Solomon Islands. A Compendium. Food Plants International Inc. p 10 ; Grubben, G. J. H. and Denton, O. A. (eds), 2004, Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 2. Vegetables. PROTA, Wageningen, Netherlands. p 566 ; Hedrick, U.P., 1919, (Ed.), Sturtevant's edible plants of the world. p 689 ; Henty, E.E., 1980, Harmful Plants in Papua New Guinea. Botany Bulletin No 12. Division Botany, Lae, Papua New Guinea. p 23 ; Hermandez Bermejo, J.E., and Leon, J. (Eds.), 1994, Neglected Crops. 1492 from a different perspective. FAO Plant Production and Protection Series No 26. FAO, Rome. p18, 253, p 215 (As Xanthosoma violaceum) ; Hibbert, M., 2002, The Aussie Plant Finder 2002, Florilegium. p 310 (Also as Xanthosoma violaceum) ; (As Xanthosoma nigrum) ; Jardin, C., 1970, List of Foods Used In Africa, FAO Nutrition Information Document Series No 2.p 21, 111 (As Xanthosoma mafaffa) and p 21 (As Xanthosoma violaceum) ; Kay, D.E., 1973, Root Crops, Digest 2, Tropical Products Institute, London, p 160 (Also as Xanthosoma violaceum) ; Kays, S. J., and Dias, J. C. S., 1995, Common Names of Commercially Cultivated Vegetables of the World in 15 languages. Economic Botany, Vol. 49, No. 2, pp. 115-152 ; Kiple, K.F. & Ornelas, K.C., (eds), 2000, The Cambridge World History of Food. CUP p 1807 ; Lembaga Biologi Nasional, 1977, Ubi-Ubian, Balai Pustaka, Jakarta. p 48 (As Xanthosoma violaceum) ; Lentz, D. L., 1993, Medicinal and Other Economic Plants of the Paya of Honduras. Economic Botany, Vol. 47, No. 4, pp. 358-370 (As Xanthosoma violaceum) ; Llamas, K.A., 2003, Tropical Flowering Plants. Timber Press. p 87 (As Xanthosoma mafaffa) ; Macmillan, H.F. (Revised Barlow, H.S., et al) 1991, Tropical Planting and Gardening. Sixth edition. Malayan Nature Society. Kuala Lumpur. p 342 ; Martin, F.W. & Ruberte, R.M., 1979, Edible Leaves of the Tropics. Antillian College Press, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico. p 21 and p 176 (As Xanthosoma mafaffa), p 176 (As Xanthosoma violaceum) ; Massal, E and Barrau, J., 1973, Food Plants of the South Sea Islands. SPC Technical Paper No 94. Nounea, New Caledonia. p 6-10 ; Ochse, J.J. et al, 1931, Vegetables of the Dutch East Indies. Asher reprint. p 60 (As Xanthosoma violaceum) ; Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 3:370. 1853 (As Xanthosoma violaceum) ; Onwueme, I.C., 1978, The Tropical Tuber Crops. Wiley, p 199 ; Oomen, H.A.P.C., & Grubben, G.J.H., 1978, Tropical Leaf Vegetables in Human Nutrition, Communication 69, Department of Agricultural research, RTI Amsterdam, p 66, 81 ; Plants of Haiti Smithsonian Institute ; Plucknett, D.L., Edible Aroids, in Simmonds, N.W., (Ed.), 1979, Evolution of Crop Plants. Longman. p 10 ; Purseglove, J.W., 1972, Tropical Crops. Monocotyledons. Longmans p 69, p 70 (As Xanthosoma mafaffa) and p 69 (As Xanthosoma violaceum) ; Raponda-Walker, A & Sillans, R., 1961, Les Plantes Utiles du Gabon. Editions Paul Lechevalier, Paris. p 97 (As Xanthosoma violaceum) ; Recher, P, 2001, Fruit Spirit Botanical Gardens Plant Index. seedlist.html p 3 ; Schneider, E., 2001, Vegetables from Amaranth to Zucchini: The essential reference. HarperCollins. p 722 ; H. Schott & S. L. Endlicher, Melet. bot. 19. 1832 ("sagittaefolium") ; Sharma, B.B., 2005, Growing fruits and vegetables. Publications Division. Ministry of Information and broadcasting. India. p 237 ; Slocum, P.D. & Robinson, P., 1999, Water Gardening. Water Lilies and Lotuses. Timber Press. p 103 (As Xanthosoma violaceum) ; Staples, G.W. and Herbst, D.R., 2005, A tropical Garden Flora. Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. p 613 (Drawing) (As Xanthosoma violaceum) ; Stephens, K.M., & Dowling, R.M., 2002, Wetland Plants of Queensland. A field guide. CSIRO p 9 (As Xanthosoma violaceum) ; Termote, C., et al, 2011, Eating from the wild: Turumbu, Mbole and Bali traditional knowledge of non-cultivated edible plants, District Tshopo, DRCongo, Gen Resourc Crop Evol. 58:585-618 ; Termote, C., 2012, Wild edible plant use in Tshopo District, Democratic Republic of Congo. Universiteit Gent. p 69 ; Terra, G.J.A., 1973, Tropical Vegetables. Communication 54e Royal Tropical Institute, Amsterdam, p 82 (As Xanthosoma mafaffa), p 21, 22, 82 (As Xanthosoma violaceum) ; Thaman, R.R., 1976, The Tongan Agricultural System, University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji. p 430 ; Tindall, H.D., 1983, Vegetables in the tropics. Macmillan p. 58 ; USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Available: (10 April 2000) (Also as Xanthosoma violaceum) ; Vainio-Mattila, K., 2000, Wild vegetables used by the Sambaa in the Usumbara Mountains, NE Tanzania. Ann. Bot. Fennici 37:57-67 ; van Wyk, B., 2005, Food Plants of the World. An illustrated guide. Timber press. p 386 ; Villachica, H., (Ed.), 1996, Frutales Y hortalizas promisorios de la Amazonia. FAO, Lima. p 341 ; Vickery, M.L. and Vickery, B., 1979, Plant Products of Tropical Africa, Macmillan. p 18 ; Wallace, P. A., Marfo, E. K., and Plahar, W. A., 1998, Nutritional quality and antinutritional composition of four non-conventional leafy vegetables. Food Chemistry 61(3) 287-291 (As Xanthosoma mafaffa) ; Walter, A. & Lebot, V., 2007, Gardens of Oceania. ACIAR Monograph No. 122. p 107 ; Whistler, W. A., 1988, Ethnobotany of Tokelau: The Plants, Their Tokelau Names, and Their Uses. Economic Botany 42(2): 155-176 ; Williams, C.N., Chew, W.Y., and Rajaratnam, J.A., 1989, Tree and Field Crops of the Wetter Regions of the Tropics. Longman, p 210 ; Woodward, P., 2000, Asian Herbs and Vegetables. Hyland House. p 134 ; Zaldivar, M. E., et al, 2002, Species Diversity of Edible Plants Grown in Homegardens of Chibehan Amerindians from Costa Rica. Human Ecology, Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 301-316 ; Zon, A.P.M. van der, Grubben, G.J.H., 1976, Les legumes-feuilles spontanes et cultives du Sud-Dahomey, Communication 65, Royal Tropical Institute, Amsterdam, p 107, 108 ; Zuchowski W., 2007, Tropical Plants of Costa Rica. A Zona Tropical Publication, Comstock Publishing. p 167

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