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Par Johann Georg Sturm (Peintre : Jacob Sturm, domaine public), via wikimedia














  • Dénominations :

      

    • Nom botanique : Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. (1792)

    • Synonymes français :

      bourse à pasteur, molette à berger, capselle, bourse de capucin, bourse de Juda, moutarde de Mithridate, moutarde de Mithriade (nom invalide [erreur = écriture/orthographe incorrecte/fausse/erronée] ou variante orthographique valide ? (qp*)), bourse-à-berger, herbe en coeur

    • Synonymes :

      Thlaspi bursapastoris L. for more than 250 synonyms, see Index Kewensis

    • Noms anglais et locaux :

      lady's-purse, Shepherd's purse, Beursje (nl) ;







  • Description et culture :

      

    • dont infos de "FOOD PLANTS INTERNATIONAL" :

      • Description :

        Une herbe de la famille du chou. C'est une plante annuelle ou cela peut prendre 2 ans pour compléter son cycle de vie. La tige est dressée. Il atteint 60 cm de haut. Il a une rosette de feuilles près de la base. Les feuilles varient en forme et sont dentées le long du bord. Les feuilles supérieures sont plus petites, en forme d'épée et sans tiges. Les fleurs sont blanches. Ils sont en grappes aux extrémités des branches. Le fruit est une gousse plate et triangulaire{{{0(+x) (traduction automatique).

        Original : A cabbage family herb. It is an annual plant or it can take 2 years to complete its life cycle. The stem is erect. It grows to 60 cm high. It has a rosette of leaves near the base. The leaves vary in shape and are toothed along the edge. The upper leaves are smaller, sword shaped and without stalks. The flowers are white. They are in clusters at the ends of branches. The fruit is a flat, triangular, pod{{{0(+x).

      • Production :

        Les graines contiennent 15-20% d'huile{{{0(+x) (traduction automatique).

        Original : The seeds contain 15-20% oil{{{0(+x).

      • Culture :

        Les plantes sont cultivées à partir de graines. Les graines peuvent rester dormantes dans le sol pendant 30 ans{{{0(+x) (traduction automatique).

        Original : Plants are grown from seed. The seeds can lie dormant in the soil for 30 years{{{0(+x).





  • Miam Consommation (rapports de comestibilité, parties utilisables et usages alimentaires correspondants) :

      

    Racine (jeunes et/ou tendres (avant floraison))µ1, fruit (dont graines)µ1, fleurµ1µ et feuille (tendres (dont pousses) et fraîches ou séchées))µ1µ comestibles.

    Détails :

    Feuilles crues ou cuites (ex. : en salades ou comme potherbe)µ{{{(dp*)(1)µ.



    Partie testée : feuilles{{{0(+x) (traduction automatique).

    Original : Leaves{{{0(+x)

    Taux d'humidité Énergie (kj) Énergie (kcal) Protéines (g)
    88.2 138 33 4.2

    Pro-
    vitamines A (µg)
    Vitamines C (mg) Fer (mg) Zinc (mg)
    3000 91 4.8 /





  • Précautions Risques et précautions à prendre :

      

    cf. consommation


  • Autres infos :

      


    dont infos de "FOOD PLANTS INTERNATIONAL" :

    • Statut :

      C'est un légume cultivé commercialement. Les feuilles sont vendues sur les marchés de légumes en Asie. Les jeunes plantes sont considérées comme un mets délicat en Chine. Il est cultivé à certains endroits. Il est couramment utilisé en Anatolie, en Turquie{{{0(+x) (traduction automatique).

      Original : It is a commercially cultivated vegetable. Leaves are sold in vegetable markets in Asia. Young plants are considered a delicacy in China. It is cultivated in some places. It is commonly used in Anatolia, Turkey{{{0(+x).

    • Distribution :

      Il pousse dans les endroits tempérés et subtropicaux. Au Népal, il atteint 4 800 m d'altitude. Il pousse mieux dans les sols humides. Il pousse dans les régions à fortes précipitations. Il résiste au gel et à la sécheresse. Il survit à la neige de l'hiver. Au Zimbabwe, il pousse entre 1 490 et 1 920 m au-dessus du niveau de la mer. Au Yunnan. Au Sichuan{{{0(+x) (traduction automatique).

      Original : It grows in temperate and subtropical places. In Nepal it grows to 4,800 m altitude. It grows best in moist soils. It grows in higher rainfall areas. It is resistant to frost and drought. It survives the winter snow. In Zimbabwe it grows between 1,490-1,920 m above sea level. In Yunnan. In Sichuan{{{0(+x).

    • Localisation :

      Afghanistan, Afrique, Angola, Argentine, Arménie, Asie, Australie, Balkans, Bhoutan, Bolivie, Bosnie, Botswana, Brésil, Grande-Bretagne, Burundi, Canada, Caucase, Afrique centrale, Chili, Chine, Congo, Croatie, Chypre, République tchèque, République dominicaine, Afrique de l'Est, Île de Pâques, Égypte, Estonie, Éthiopie, Europe, Malouines, Finlande, Géorgie, Haïti, Hawaï, Himalaya, Hongrie, Inde, Indochine, Irlande, Italie, Jamaïque, Japon, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Corée, Kirghizistan , Lesotho, Lituanie, Macédoine, Madagascar, Maurice, Méditerranée, Moldavie, Mongolie, Maroc, Myanmar, Népal, Nouvelle-Zélande, Île Norfolk, Afrique du Nord, Amérique du Nord, Inde du Nord-Est, Inde du Nord-Ouest, Norvège, Pacifique, Pakistan, Paraguay, Pologne , Russie, Rwanda, Sao Tomé-et-Principe, Scandinavie, Asie du Sud-Est, Sénégal, Sikkim, Slovénie, Afrique australe, Amérique du Sud, Espagne, Suède, Suisse,Tanzanie, Tasmanie, Thaïlande, Tibet, Turquie, Ouganda, Uruguay, USA, Ouzbékistan, Vietnam, Afrique de l'Ouest, Antilles, Zambie, Zimbabwe{{{0(+x) (traduction automatique).

      Original : Afghanistan, Africa, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Asia, Australia, Balkans, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia, Botswana, Brazil, Britain, Burundi, Canada, Caucasus, Central Africa, Chile, China, Congo, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Dominican Republic, East Africa, Easter Island, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Europe, Falklands, Finland, Georgia, Haiti, Hawaii, Himalayas, Hungary, India, Indochina, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Lithuania, Macedonia, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mediterranean, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, New Zealand, Norfolk Island, North Africa, North America, Northeastern India, NW India, Norway, Pacific, Pakistan, Paraguay, Poland, Russia, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Scandinavia, SE Asia, Senegal, Sikkim, Slovenia, Southern Africa, South America, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tanzania, Tasmania, Thailand, Tibet, Turkey, Uganda, Uruguay, USA, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Africa, West Indies, Zambia, Zimbabwe{{{0(+x).

    • Notes :

      Il existe 5 espèces de Capsella. C'est la deuxième mauvaise herbe la plus répandue sur terre. Il produit une baisse temporaire de la pression artérielle. Composition chimique (feuilles?): Protéine = 2,9%. Matières grasses = 0,2%. Glucides = 1,0%; (graines): huile grasse = 35,2%. Acide aminé = 74,8% - riche en arginine, acide aspartique et cystéine. On rapporte que la plante contient des quantités importantes de vitamine C, de chaux et de fer; et des quantités modérées de vitamines A et B1{{{0(+x) (traduction automatique).

      Original : There are 5 Capsella species. It is the second most common weed on earth. It produces a temporary drop in blood pressure. Chemical composition (leaves ?): Protein = 2.9%. Fat = 0.2%. Carbohydrate = 1.0%; (seeds): Fatty oil = 35.2%. Amino acid = 74.8% - high in Arginine, Aspartic acid, and Cysteine. The plant is reported to contain significant quantities of Vitamin C, lime, and iron; and moderate amounts of Vitamins A, and B1{{{0(+x).






  • Liens, sources et/ou références

      

    • Sources et/ou références : Tela Botanica ; Wikipedia ; Wikipedia (en anglais) ; Wikipedia (en anglais) ; 5"Plants For A Future" (en anglais) ;

      dont classification :
      "The Plant List" (en anglais) ;

      dont livres et bases de données : 1Plantes sauvages comestibles (livre pages 161 et 162, par S.G. Fleischhauer, J. Guthmann et R. Spiegelberger) ;

      Plantes sauvages comestibles (de S.G. Fleischhauer, J. Guthmann et R. Spiegelberger, éditions Ulmer, 2012) / détails du livre ; Sauvages & comestibles - herbes, fleurs et petites salades (de Marie-Claude Paume, éditions EDISUB, 2011) / détails du livre

      dont biographie/références de "FOOD PLANTS INTERNATIONAL" :

      Abbet, C., et al, 2014, Ethnobotanical survey on wild alpine food plants in Lower and Central Valais (Switzerland). Journal of Ethnopharmacology 151 (2014) 624â??634 ; Ahmad, I., et al, 2011, Ethnobotanical Study of Tehsil Kabal, Swat District, KPK, Pakistan. Hindawi Publishing Corporation Journal of Botany Volume 2011, Article ID 368572, 9 pages ; Altschul, S.V.R., 1973, Drugs and Foods from Little-known Plants. Notes in Harvard University Herbaria. Harvard Univ. Press. Massachusetts. no. 1344 ; Ambasta S.P. (Ed.), 2000, The Useful Plants of India. CSIR India. p 103 ; Ari, S., et al, 2015, Ethnobotanical survey of plants used in Afyonkarahisar-Turkey. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 11:84 ; Beckstrom-Sternberg, Stephen M., and James A. Duke. "The Foodplant Database."http://probe.nalusda.gov:8300/cgi-bin/browse/foodplantdb.(ACEDB version 4.0 - data version July 1994) (As Bursa bursa ?) ; Bianchini, F., Corbetta, F., and Pistoia, M., 1975, Fruits of the Earth. Cassell. p 72 ; Bircher, A. G. & Bircher, W. H., 2000, Encyclopedia of Fruit Trees and Edible Flowering Plants in Egypt and the Subtropics. AUC Press. p 81 ; Biscotti, N. & Pieroni, A., 2015, The hidden Mediterranean diet: wild vegetables traditionally gathered and consumed in the Gargano area, Apulia, SE Italy. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae 84 (3): 327-338 ; Biscotti, N. et al, 2018, The traditional food use of wild vegetables in Apulia (Italy) in the light of Italian ethnobotanical literature. Italian Botanist 5:1-24 ; Bodkin, F., 1991, Encyclopedia Botanica. Cornstalk publishing, p 212 ; Boesi, A., 2014, Traditional knowledge of wild food plants in a few Tibetan communities. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 10:75 ; Bremness, L., 1994, Herbs. Collins Eyewitness Handbooks. Harper Collins. p 238 ; Brown, D., 2002, The Royal Horticultural Society encyclopedia of Herbs and their uses. DK Books. p 153 ; Bussman, R. W. et al, 2017, Ethnobotany of Samtskhe-Javakheti, Sakartvelo (Republic of Georgia), Caucasus. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge Vol. 16(1) pp 7-24 ; Cakir, E. A., 2017, Traditional knowledge of wild edible plants of IgÌ?dır Province (East Anatolia, Turkey). Acta Soc Bot Pol. 2017;86(4):3568. ; Cerne, M., 1992, Wild Plants from Slovenia used as Vegetables. Acta Horticulturae 318 ; Chen, B. & Qiu, Z., Consumer's Attitudes towards Edible Wild Plants, Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan. p 22 www.hindawi.com/journals/ijfr/aip/872413.pdf ; Ciocarlan, N. & Ghendov, V., 2015, Ethnobotanical and Ecological Studies of Wild Edible Plants from Bugeac Steppe, Republic of Moldova. Journal of EcoAgriTourism. Cailta terra Vol. 11(2): ; Cormack, R. G. H., 1967, Wild Flowers of Alberta. Commercial Printers Edmonton, Canada. p 126 ; Cribb, A.B. & J.W., 1976, Wild Food in Australia, Fontana. p 135 ; Curtis, W.M., 1956, The Students Flora of Tasmania Vol 1 p 42 ; Dangol, D. R. et al, 2017, Wild Edible Plants in Nepal. Proceedings of 2nd National Workshop on CUAOGR, 2017. ; Dashorst, G.R.M., and Jessop, J.P., 1998, Plants of the Adelaide Plains & Hills. Botanic Gardens of Adelaide and State Herbarium. p 68 ; Della, A., et al, 2006, An ethnobotanical survey of wild edible plants of Paphos and Larnaca countryside of Cyprus. J. Ethnobiol. Ethnomed. 2:34 ; Denes, A., et al, 2012, Wild plants used for food by Hungarian ethnic groups living in the Carpathian Basin. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae 81 (4): 381-396 ; Dogan, Y., 2012, Traditionally used wild edible greens in the Aegean Region of Turkey. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae 81(4): 329-342 ; Dolina, K. & Luczaj, L., 2014, Wild food plants used on the Dubrovnik coast (south-eastern Croatia) Acta Soc Bot Pol 83(3):175â??181 ; Duke, J.A., 1992, Handbook of Edible Weeds. CRC Press. p 56 ; Elias, T.S. & Dykeman P.A., 1990, Edible Wild Plants. A North American Field guide. Sterling, New York p 81 (Also as Capsella gracilis) ; Ertug, F., 2000, An Ethnobotanical Study in Central Anatolia (Turkey). Economic Botany Vol. 54. No. 2. pp. 155-182 ; Ertug, F., 2004, Wild Edible Plants of the Bodrum Area. (Mugla, Turkey). Turk. J. Bot. 28 (2004): 161-174 ; Ertug, F, Yenen Bitkiler. Resimli Türkiye Florası -I- Flora of Turkey - Ethnobotany supplement ; Esperanca, M. J., 1988. Surviving in the wild. A glance at the wild plants and their uses. Vol. 2. p 221 ; Ethnobotanical Study of Tehsil Kabal, Swat District, KPK, Pakistan, Table 1 ; Facciola, S., 1998, Cornucopia 2: a Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications, p 57 ; Flora of China @ efloras.org Volume 8 ; Flora of Australia, Volume 8, Lecythidales to Batales, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra (1982) p 290 ; Flora of Australia Volume 49, Oceanic Islands 1, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra. 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