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Senegalia senegal

(L.) Britton, 1930

Acacia Sénégal


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Synonymes : Acacia senegal (L.) Willd. 1806, Mimosa senegal L. 1753 (basionyme ?) ;

Synonymes français : gommier blanc, acacia du Sénégal ;

Nom(s) anglais et/ou international(aux) : Sudan gum arabic, gum arabic, three-thorned acacia ;


Rusticité (résistance face au froid/gel) : -28/-29°C (selon Dave's Garden)


Comestibilité :

- rapport de consommation et comestibilité/consommabilité inférée (partie(s) utilisable(s) et usage(s) alimentaire(s) correspondant(s)) :

Fruit (grainesµ0(+x)µ) et tronc (extraitµ(dp*)µ {gommeµ0(+x)µ} et écorceµ0(+x)µ) comestiblesµ0(+x)µ.


Précautions à prendre

Précautions à prendre :

néant, inconnus ou indéterminés.


Echange : Daves's Garden" (en anglais)

Vendeurs graines : baobabafrica, KPR, simbalovesfriends

Illustration(s) (photographie(s) et/ou dessin(s)):

Illustration
Illustration




Liens, sources et/ou références : Wikipedia ; Wikipedia (en anglais) ;

dont classification : "The Plant List" (en anglais) ; 3106"GRIN" (en anglais) ; INPI (recherche, en anglais) ;

dont Google (recherche de/pour) "Senegalia senegal" : pages , images | "Acacia Sénégal" : pages ;

dont livres et bases de données : 0"FOOD PLANTS INTERNATIONAL" (en anglais) ;

dont biographie/références de "FOOD PLANTS INTERNATIONAL" :

Asfaw, Z. and Tadesse, M., 2001, Prospects for Sustainable Use and Development of Wild Food Plants in Ethiopia. Economic Botany, Vol. 55, No. 1, pp. 47-62 ; Ambasta S.P. (Ed.), 2000, The Useful Plants of India. CSIR India. p 7 ; Bekele-Tesemma A., Birnie, A., & Tengnas, B., 1993, Useful Trees and Shrubs for Ethiopia. Regional Soil Conservation Unit. Technical Handbook No 5. p 62 ; Bernholt, H. et al, 2009, Plant species richness and diversity in urban and peri-urban gardens of Niamey, Niger. Agroforestry Systems 77:159-179 ; Bircher, A. G. & Bircher, W. H., 2000, Encyclopedia of Fruit Trees and Edible Flowering Plants in Egypt and the Subtropics. AUC Press. p 5 ; Bodkin, F., 1991, Encyclopedia Botanica. Cornstalk publishing, p 33 ; BROKENSHA & RILEY, ; Brouk, B., 1975, Plants Consumed by Man. Academic Press, London. p 260 ; Brown, D., 2002, The Royal Horticultural Society encyclopedia of Herbs and their uses. DK Books. p 98 ; Burkill, H. M., 1985, The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vol. 3. Kew. ; COSSALTER, ; Dale, I. R. and Greenway, P. J., 1961, Kenya Trees and Shrubs. Nairobi. p 293 ; Dalziel, J. M., 1937, The Useful plants of west tropical Africa. Crown Agents for the Colonies London. ; Dharani, N., 2002, Field Guide to common Trees & Shrubs of East Africa. Struik. p 193 ; Etherington, K., & Imwold, D., (Eds), 2001, Botanica's Trees & Shrubs. The illustrated A-Z of over 8500 trees and shrubs. Random House, Australia. p 56 ; Facciola, S., 1998, Cornucopia 2: a Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications, p 151 ; Feyssa, D. H., et al, 2011, Seasonal availability an consumption of wild edible plants in semiarid Ethiopia; Implications to food security and climate change adaptation. Journal of Horticulture and Forestry 3(5): 138-149 ; Fowler, D. G., 2007, Zambian Plants: Their Vernacular Names and Uses. Kew. p 33 (var. leiorachis) ; Hall, N. et al, 1972, The Use of Trees and Shrubs in the Dry Country of Australia, AGPS, Canberra. p 342 ; Hedrick, U.P., 1919, (Ed.), Sturtevant's edible plants of the world. p 20 ; ILDIS Legumes of the World http:www;ildis.org/Legume/Web ; Katende, A.B., Birnie, A & Tengnas B., 1995, Useful Trees and Shrubs for Uganda. Identification, Propagation and Management for Agricultural and Pastoral Communities. Technical handbook No 10. Regional Soil Conservation Unit, Nairobi, Kenya. p 54 ; Kiple, K.F. & Ornelas, K.C., (eds), 2000, The Cambridge World History of Food. CUP p 1713 ; Krishen P., 2006, Trees of Delhi, A Field Guide. DK Books. p 273 ; Long, C., 2005, Swaziland's Flora - siSwati names and Uses http://www.sntc.org.sz/flora/ ; Lulekal, E., et al, 2011, Wild edible plants in Ethiopia: a review on their potential to combat food insecurity. Afrika Focus - Vol. 24, No 2. pp 71-121 ; Mannheimer, C. A. & Curtis. B.A. (eds), 2009, Le Roux and Muller's Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of Namibia. Windhoek: Macmillan Education Namibia. p 118 ; Marwah, R. G., et al, 2006, Antioxidant capacity of some edible and wound healing plants in Oman. Journal of Food Chemistry. ; Maundu, P. et al, 1999, Traditional Food Plants of Kenya. National Museum of Kenya. p 45 ; Maydell, H. von, 1990 Trees and shrubs of the Sahel: their characteristics and uses. Margraf. p 133 ; Mbuya, L.P., Msanga, H.P., Ruffo, C.K., Birnie, A & Tengnas, B., 1994, Useful Trees and Shrubs for Tanzania. Regional Soil Conservation Unit. Technical Handbook No 6. p 66 ; Morgan, W. T. W., 1981, Ethnobotany of the Turkana: Use of plants by a Pastoral People and Their Livestock in Kenya. Economic Botany 35(1):96-130 ; Molla, A., Ethiopian Plant Names. http://www.ethiopic.com/aplants.htm ; Palgrave, K.C., 1996, Trees of Southern Africa. Struik Publishers. p 250 ; Palmer, E and Pitman, N., 1972, Trees of Southern Africa. Vol. 2. A.A. Balkema, Cape Town p 745 ; Peters, C. R., O'Brien, E. M., and Drummond, R.B., 1992, Edible Wild plants of Sub-saharan Africa. Kew. p 128 ; Plants of Haiti Smithsonian Institute http://botany.si.edu/antilles/West Indies ; Plowes, N. J. & Taylor, F. W., 1997, The Processing of Indigenous Fruits and other Wildfoods of Southern Africa. in Smartt, L. & Haq. (Eds) Domestication, Production and Utilization of New Crops. ICUC p 184 ; Purseglove, J.W., 1968, Tropical Crops Dicotyledons, Longmans. p 209 ; RILEY & BROKENSHA ; Roodt, V., 1998, Trees & Shrubs of the Okavango Delta. Medicinal Uses and Nutritional value. The Shell Field Guide Series: Part 1. Shell Botswana. p 195 ; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (1999). Survey of Economic Plants for Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (SEPASAL) database. Published on the Internet; http://www.rbgkew.org.uk/ceb/sepasal/internet [Accessed 27th April 2011] ; SAXENA; ; Shah, G.L. et al, 1981, An account of the Ethnobotany of Saurashtra in Gujarat State (India). J. Econ. Tax. Bot. Vol 2 pp 173-182 ; SHANKARNARAYAN & SAXENA. ; Smith, P.M., 1979, Wattle, in Simmonds, N.W., (ed), Crop Plant Evolution. Longmans. London. p 311 ; Sp. pl. 4(2):1077. 1806 ; Swaziland's Flora Database http://www.sntc.org.sz/flora ; Usher, G., 1974, A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable. p 14 ; van Wyk, B, van Wyk, P, and van Wyk B., 2000, Photographic guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Briza. p 42 ; van Wyk, B., 2005, Food Plants of the World. An illustrated guide. Timber press. p 39 ; Vickery, M.L. and Vickery, B., 1979, Plant Products of Tropical Africa, Macmillan. p 97




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