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Opuntia ficus-indica

(L.) Mill., 1768

Figuier de barbarie


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Classification/taxinomie :
Famille : Opuntioideae ;
Synonymes français : oponce, cactus 'Oreilles de Mickey', figuier d'Inde, nopal ;

Nom(s) anglais et/ou international(aux) : Barbary-fig, Indian-fig (Indian fig), Indian-fig prickly-pear, mission cactus, mission prickly-pear, prickly-pear, smooth mountain prickly-pear, smooth prickly-pear, spineless cactus, sweet prickly-pear (sweet prickly pear), tuberous prickly-pear, tuna cactus, boereturksvy (af), grootdoringturksvy (af) ;


Comestibilité : - rapport de consommation et comestibilité/consommabilité inférée (partie(s) utilisable(s) et usage(s) alimentaire(s) correspondant(s)) :

Partie(s) comestible(s)µ{{{0(+x)µ : fruit, graines, tiges, légumeµ{{{0(+x)µ.
Utilisation(s)/usage(s) comestible(s)µ{{{0(+x)µ :
-les fruits mûrs sont consommés ; les fruits secs sont utilisés dans les sucreries ; ils sont également utilisés pour les confitures, gelées et vins ; la pulpe fermentée est mélangée avec de la farine et des noix pour faire un plat italien ; la pulpe du fruit sans graines est préparé comme une sauce pour les pâtes ;
-les jeunes tiges sont utilisées comme légume ou dans les pickles (marinades)µ{{{0(+x)µ.


Précautions à prendre

Précautions à prendre :

néant, inconnus ou indéterminés.


Vendeurs graines : Babygraines, eplants, cactus26

Liens, sources et/ou références : Wikipedia ;

dont classification : "The Plant List" (en anglais) ; 2354"GRIN" (en anglais) ; INPI (recherche, en anglais) ;

dont Google (recherche de/pour) "Opuntia ficus-indica" : pages , images | "Figuier de barbarie" : pages ;

dont livres et bases de données : 0"FOOD PLANTS INTERNATIONAL" (en anglais) ;

dont biographie/références de "FOOD PLANTS INTERNATIONAL" :

Addis, G., et al, 2005, Ethnobotanical Study of Edible Wild Plants in Some Selected Districts of Ethiopia. Human Ecology, Vol. 33, No. 1, pp. 83-118 ; Addis, G., Asfaw, Z & Woldu, Z., 2013, Ethnobotany of Wild and Semi-wild Edible Plants of Konso Ethnic Community, South Ethiopia. Ethnobotany Research and Applications. 11:121-141 ; Asfaw, Z. and Tadesse, M., 2001, Prospects for Sustainable Use and Development of Wild Food Plants in Ethiopia. Economic Botany, Vol. 55, No. 1, pp. 47-62 ; Ambasta, S.P. (Ed.), 2000, The Useful Plants of India. CSIR India. p 411 ; Anderson, E.F., 2001, The Cactus Family, Timber Press. p 51, 498 ; Astrada, E., et al, 2007, Ethnobotany in the Cumbres de Monterrey National Park, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 3:8 ; Beckstrom-Sternberg, Stephen M., and James A. Duke. "The Foodplant Database." http://probe.nalusda.gov:8300/cgi-bin/browse/foodplantdb.(ACEDB version 4.0 - data version July 1994) (As Opuntia ficus) ; Benson, L., 1969, The Native Cacti of California. Stanford University Press. p 158 ; Bianchini, F., Corbetta, F., and Pistoia, M., 1975, Fruits of the Earth. Cassell. p 180 ; Blamey, M and Grey-Wilson, C., 2005, Wild flowers of the Mediterranean. A & C Black London. p 149 ; Blamey, M and Grey-Wilson, C., 2005, Wild flowers of the Mediterranean. A & C Black London. p 149 (As Opuntia compressa) ; Bodkin, F., 1991, Encyclopedia Botanica. Cornstalk publishing, p 744 ; Brickell, C. (Ed.), 1999, The Royal Horticultural Society A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Convent Garden Books. p 725 ; Brickell, C. (Ed.), 1999, The Royal Horticultural Society A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Convent Garden Books. p 725 (As Opuntia compressa) ; Creasey, R., 2000, Edible Mexican Garden. Periplus p 51 (As Opuntia compressa) ; Creasey, R., 2000, Edible Mexican Garden. Periplus p 51 ; Cundall, P., (ed.), 2004, Gardening Australia: flora: the gardener's bible. ABC Books. p 954 ; Darley, J.J., 1993, Know and Enjoy Tropical Fruit. P & S Publishers. p 19 ; Ertug, F., 2004, Wild Edible Plants of the Bodrum Area. (Mugla, Turkey). Turk. J. Bot. 28 (2004): 161-174 ; Etherington, K., & Imwold, D., (Eds), 2001, Botanica's Trees & Shrubs. The illustrated A-Z of over 8500 trees and shrubs. Random House, Australia. p 501 ; Ethiopia: Famine Food Field Guide. http://www.africa.upenn.edu/faminefood/category1.htm ; Facciola, S., 1998, Cornucopia 2: a Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications, p 65 ; FAO, 1988, Traditional Food Plants, FAO Food and Nutrition Paper 42. FAO Rome p 374 ; Feyssa, D. H., et al, 2011, Seasonal availability an consumption of wild edible plants in semiarid Ethiopia; Implications to food security and climate change adaptation. Journal of Horticulture and Forestry 3(5): 138-149 ; Flora of Australia, Volume 4, Phytolaccaceae to Chenopodiaceae, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra (1984) p 72 ; Flores, M. P., et al, 2007, Estudio Etnobotanico De Zapotitlan Salinas, Puebla, Acta Botanica Mexicana, Mexico. p 22 ; Flowerdew, B., 2000, Complete Fruit Book. Kyle Cathie Ltd., London. p 141 ; Gard. dict. ed. 8: Opuntia no. 2. 1768 ; Grubben, G. J. H. and Denton, O. A. (eds), 2004, Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 2. Vegetables. PROTA, Wageningen, Netherlands. p 563 ; Hedrick, U.P., 1919, (Ed.), Sturtevant's edible plants of the world. p 450 (As Opuntia engelmanni) ; Hermandez Bermejo, J.E., and Leon, J. (Eds.), 1994, Neglected Crops. 1492 from a different perspective. FAO Plant Production and Protection Series No 26. FAO, Rome. p15 ; Hibbert, M., 2002, The Aussie Plant Finder 2002, Florilegium. p 215 ; Hu, Shiu-ying, 2005, Food Plants of China. The Chinese University Press. p 568 ; Innes, C. and Glass, C., 1997, The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Cacti. Sandstone Books. p 214 ; Jardin, C., 1970, List of Foods Used In Africa, FAO Nutrition Information Document Series No 2.p 151 ; Jardin, C., 1970, List of Foods Used In Africa, FAO Nutrition Information Document Series No 2.p 151 (As Opuntia tuna) ; John, L., & Stevenson, V., 1979, The Complete Book of Fruit. Angus & Robertson p 157 ; Kays, S. J., and Dias, J. C. S., 1995, Common Names of Commercially Cultivated Vegetables of the World in 15 languages. Economic Botany, Vol. 49, No. 2, pp. 115-152 ; Lazarides, M. & Hince, B., 1993, Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia, CSIRO. p 175 ; Long, C., 2005, Swaziland's Flora - siSwati names and Uses http://www.sntc.org.sz/flora/ ; Lorenzi, H., Bacher, L., Lacerda, M. & Sartori, S., 2006, Brazilian Fruits & Cultivated Exotics. Sao Paulo, Instituto Plantarum de Estuados da Flora Ltda. p 371 ; Lulekal, E., et al, 2011, Wild edible plants in Ethiopia: a review on their potential to combat food insecurity. Afrika Focus - Vol. 24, No 2. pp 71-121 ; Lyle, S., 2006, Discovering fruit and nuts. Land Links. p 303 (Also as Opuntia compressa) ; Marinelli, J. (Ed), 2004, Plant. DK. p 464 ; Martin, F. W., et al, 1987, Perennial Edible Fruits of the Tropics. USDA Handbook 642 p 22 ; Moerman, D. F., 2010, Native American Ethnobotany. Timber Press. p 366 ; Maroyi, A., 2011, The Gathering and Consumption of Wild Edible Plants in Nhema Communal Area, Midlands Province, Zimbabwe. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 50:6, 506-525 ; Mengistu, F. & Hager, H., 2008, Wild Edible Fruit Species Cultural Domain, Informant Species Competence and Preference in Three Districts of Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Ethnobotany Research & Applications 6:487-502 ; Plants for a Future database, The Field, Penpol, Lostwithiel, Cornwall, PL22 0NG, UK. http://www.scs.leeds.ac.uk/pfaf/ (Also as Opuntia compressa) ; Quintana, C. M., 2010, Wild Plants in the Dry Valleys Around Quito Ecuador. An Illustrated Guide. Publicationes del Harbario, QCA p 97 ; Redzic, S. J., 2006, Wild Edible Plants and their Traditional Use in the Human Nutrition in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Ecology of Food and Nutrition, 45:189-232 ; Rodriguez-Felix, A. & Cantwell, M., 1988, Developmental changes in composition and quality of prickly pear cactus cladodes (nopalitos). Plant Foods for Human Nutrition 38:83-93 ; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (1999). Survey of Economic Plants for Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (SEPASAL) database. Published on the Internet; http://www.rbgkew.org.uk/ceb/sepasal/internet [Accessed 5th April 2011] ; Saunders, C.F., 1948, Edible and Useful Wild Plants. Dover. New York. p 108 ; Schmidt, E., Lotter, M., & McCleland, W., 2007, Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park. Jacana Media p 440 ; Schneider, E., 2001, Vegetables from Amaranth to Zucchini: The essential reference. HarperCollins. p 139 ; Subik, R. & Kunte, L., 2003, The Complete Encyclopedia of Cacti. Rebo International. p 13 ; Swaziland's Flora Database http://www.sntc.org.sz/flora ; Tredgold, M.H., 1986, Food Plants of Zimbabwe. Mambo Press. p 80 ; USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Available: www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/econ.pl (10 April 2000) ; Van den Eynden, V., et al, 2003, Wild Foods from South Ecuador. Economic Botany 57(4): 576-603 ; van Wyk, B., 2005, Food Plants of the World. An illustrated guide. Timber press. p 267 ; van Wyk, Be., & Gericke, N., 2007, People's plants. A Guide to Useful Plants of Southern Africa. Briza. p 50 ; Vasquez, Roberto Ch. & Coimbra, German S., 1996, Frutas Silvestres Comestibles de Santa Cruz. p 247 ; Vivien, J., & Faure, J.J., 1996, Fruitiers Sauvages d'Afrique. Especes du Cameroun. CTA p 95 ; Weckerle, C. S., et al, 2006, Plant Knowledge of the Shuhi in the Hengduan Mountains, Southwest China. Economic Botany 60(1):2-23 ; Wehmeyer, A. S, 1986, Edible Wild Plants of Southern Africa. Data on the Nutrient Contents of over 300 species ; www.chileflora.com ; www.zimbabweflora.co.zw 2011




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