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Morus alba

L., 1753

Mûrier blanc


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Classification/taxinomie :
Famille : Moraceae ;
Synonymes français : Murier blanc ;

Nom(s) anglais et/ou international(aux) : Russian mulberry, silkworm mulberry, white mulberry, mulberry, gewone moerbei (af), witmoerbei (af), sang (cn transcrit), weißer Maulbeerbaum (de), kuwa (jp romaji), amoreira-branca (pt), selkovica belaja (ru translittéré), mora (es), moral blanco (es), morera blanca (es), vitt mullbär (sv) ;


Rusticité (résistance face au froid/gel) : 0,75


Comestibilité : fruit; fleur; feuille{{{ ; tronc

- rapport de consommation et comestibilité/consommabilité inférée (partie(s) utilisable(s) et usage(s) alimentaire(s) correspondant(s)) :

Partie(s) comestible(s)µ{{{0(+x)µ : feuilles, fruit, fleurs, écorce, feuilles - thé, manne, légumeµ{{{0(+x)µ.
Utilisation(s)/usage(s) comestible(s)µ{{{0(+x)µ :
-le fruit se consomme cru ou utilisé en jus, dans les ragoûts et les tartes ; le fruit peut être séché et stocké ; le fruit peut être transformé en vinaigre ou vin ;
-les feuilles sont comestibleSµ{{{0(+x)µ (ex. : cuites comme potherbe ? (qp*)) ; elles peuvent être mises dans les ragoûts ; les feuilles peuvent être utilisées pour le thé ;
-l'écorce peut être torréfiée et moulue en farine ;
-l'arbre fournit aussi une manne comestibleµ{{{0(+x)µ.


Précautions à prendre

Précautions à prendre :

néant, inconnus ou indéterminés.


Autres usages : Les feuilles sont également utilisées pour les vers à soieµ{{{0(+x)µ.

Autres infos : NOTE : la tache du fruit peut être enlevé en la frottant avec un fruit non mûrµ{{{0(+x)µ.

Nombre de graines au gramme : 2000 ou 200?

Vendeurs graines : Fleurs des Tropiques, Babygraines, Semences du Puy,, b&t , botanyseeds_com (ebay)

Vendeurs plants : seedsplants, fleurdestropiques, planfor, ediblelandscaping (3 variétés dont une pleureur naine)

Liens, sources et/ou références :

dont classification : "The Plant List" (en anglais) ; 4782"GRIN" (en anglais) ; INPI (recherche, en anglais) ;

dont Google (recherche de/pour) "Morus alba" : pages , images | "Mûrier blanc" : pages ;

dont livres et bases de données : 0"FOOD PLANTS INTERNATIONAL" (en anglais) ;

dont biographie/références de "FOOD PLANTS INTERNATIONAL" :

Addis, G., et al, 2005, Ethnobotanical Study of Edible Wild Plants in Some Selected Districts of Ethiopia. Human Ecology, Vol. 33, No. 1, pp. 83-118 ; Ambasta, S.P. (Ed.), 2000, The Useful Plants of India. CSIR India. p 381 ; Anderson, E. F., 1993, Plants and people of the Golden Triangle. Dioscorides Press. p 216 ; BARANOV, ; Barwick, M., 2004, Tropical and Subtropical Trees. A Worldwide Encyclopedic Guide. Thames and Hudson p 284 ; Bernholt, H. et al, 2009, Plant species richness and diversity in urban and peri-urban gardens of Niamey, Niger. Agroforestry Systems 77:159-179 ; Bianchini, F., Corbetta, F., and Pistoia, M., 1975, Fruits of the Earth. Cassell. p 168 ; Blamey, M and Grey-Wilson, C., 2005, Wild flowers of the Mediterranean. A & C Black London. p 34 ; Bodkin, F., 1991, Encyclopedia Botanica. Cornstalk publishing, p 708 ; Bodner, C. C. and Gereau, R. E., 1988, A Contribution to Bontoc Ethnobotany. Economic Botany, 43(2): 307-369 ; Bremness, L., 1994, Herbs. Collins Eyewitness Handbooks. Harper Collins. p 68 ; Brickell, C. (Ed.), 1999, The Royal Horticultural Society A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Convent Garden Books. p 683 ; Burkill, H. M., 1985, The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vol. 4. Kew. ; Burkill, I.H., 1966, A Dictionary of the Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula. Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Vol 2 (I-Z) p 1522 ; Cheifetz, A., (ed), 1999, 500 popular vegetables, herbs, fruits and nuts for Australian Gardeners. Random House p 208 ; Chin, H.F., & Yong, H.S., 1996, Malaysian Fruits in Colour. Tropical press, Kuala Lumpur p 95 ; Coombes, A.J., 2000, Trees. Dorling Kindersley Handbooks. p 220 ; Coronel, R.E., 1982, Fruit Collections in the Philippines. IBPGR Newsletter p 7 ; Cundall, P., (ed.), 2004, Gardening Australia: flora: the gardener's bible. ABC Books. p 904 ; Dharani, N., 2002, Field Guide to common Trees & Shrubs of East Africa. Struik. p 132 ; Duke, J. A., 1992, Handbook of Edible Weeds. CRC Press. p 128 ; Dutta, U., 2012, Wild Vegetables collected by the local communities from the Churang reserve if BTDm Assam. International Journal of Science and Advanced Technology. Vol. 2(4) p 122 ; Elias, T.S. & Dykeman P.A., 1990, Edible Wild Plants. A North American Field guide. Sterling, New York p 200 ; Engel, D.H., & Phummai, S., 2000, A Field Guide to Tropical Plants of Asia. Timber Press. p 189 ; Esperanca, M. J., 1988. Surviving in the wild. A glance at the wild plants and their uses. Vol. 2. p 313 ; Etherington, K., & Imwold, D., (Eds), 2001, Botanica's Trees & Shrubs. The illustrated A-Z of over 8500 trees and shrubs. Random House, Australia. p 483 ; Facciola, S., 1998, Cornucopia 2: a Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications, p 155 ; Farrar, J.L., 1995, Trees of the Northern United States and Canada. Iowa State University press/Ames p 240 ; Flora of Pakistan. www.eFloras.org ; Flowerdew, B., 2000, Complete Fruit Book. Kyle Cathie Ltd., London. p 52 ; French, B.R., 1986, Food Plants of Papua New Guinea, A Compendium. Asia Pacific Science Foundation p 270 ; Friday, J. B., 2005, Forestry and Agroforestry Trees of East Timor. http://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/forestry/data/Timor/Timor trees.html ; Grubben, G. J. H. and Denton, O. A. (eds), 2004, Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 2. Vegetables. PROTA, Wageningen, Netherlands. p 563 ; Hibbert, M., 2002, The Aussie Plant Finder 2002, Florilegium. p 198 ; Hinnawi, N. S. A., 2010, An ethnobotanical study of wild edible plants in the Northern West Bank "Palestine". An-Najah National University. p 97 ; Hu, Shiu-ying, 2005, Food Plants of China. The Chinese University Press. p 361 ; Jardin, C., 1970, List of Foods Used In Africa, FAO Nutrition Information Document Series No 2.p 148 ; Kargioglu, M. et al, 2010, Traditional Uses of Wild Plants in the Middle Aegean Region. Human Ecology 38:429-450 ; Katende, A.B., Birnie, A & Tengnas B., 1995, Useful Trees and Shrubs for Uganda. Identification, Propagation and Management for Agricultural and Pastoral Communities. Technical handbook No 10. Regional Soil Conservation Unit, Nairobi, Kenya. p 434 ; Kiple, K.F. & Ornelas, K.C., (eds), 2000, The Cambridge World History of Food. CUP p 1817 ; Krishen P., 2006, Trees of Delhi, A Field Guide. DK Books. p 106 ; Lazarides, M. & Hince, B., 1993, Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia, CSIRO. p 166 ; Lentini, F. and Venza, F., 2007, Wild food plants of popular use in Sicily. J Ethnobiol Ethnomedicine. 3: 15 ; Little, E.L., 1980, National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Trees. Alfred A. Knopf. p 430 ; Long, C., 2005, Swaziland's Flora - siSwati names and Uses http://www.sntc.org.sz/flora/ ; Lord, E.E., & Willis, J.H., 1999, Shrubs and Trees for Australian gardens. Lothian. p 62 ; Lorenzi, H., Bacher, L., Lacerda, M. & Sartori, S., 2006, Brazilian Fruits & Cultivated Exotics. Sao Paulo, Instituto Plantarum de Estuados da Flora Ltda. p 441 ; Lulekal, E., et al, 2011, Wild edible plants in Ethiopia: a review on their potential to combat food insecurity. Afrika Focus - Vol. 24, No 2. pp 71-121 ; Lyle, S., 2006, Discovering fruit and nuts. Land Links. p 287 ; MacKinnon, A., et al, 2009, Edible & Medicinal Plants of Canada. Lone Pine. p 96 ; Macmillan, H.F. (Revised Barlow, H.S., et al) 1991, Tropical Planting and Gardening. Sixth edition. Malayan Nature Society. Kuala Lumpur. p 315 ; Manju, S., and Sundriyal, R. C., 2001, Wild Edible Plants of the Sikkim Humalaya: Nutritive Values of Selected Species. Economic Botany 55(3): 377-390 ; Martin, F.W. & Ruberte, R.M., 1979, Edible Leaves of the Tropics. Antillian College Press, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico. p 206 ; Mbuya, L.P., Msanga, H.P., Ruffo, C.K., Birnie, A & Tengnas, B., 1994, Useful Trees and Shrubs for Tanzania. Regional Soil Conservation Unit. Technical Handbook No 6. p 348 ; Moerman, D. F., 2010, Native American Ethnobotany. Timber Press. p 350 ; Pfoze, N. L., et al, 2012, Survey and assessment of floral diversity on wild edible plants from Senapati district of Manipur, Northeast India. Journal or Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences. 1(6):50-52 ; Pieroni, A., 1999, Gathered wild food plants in the Upper Valley of the Serchio River (Garfagnana), Central Italy. Economic Botany 53(3) pp 327-341 ; Plants of Haiti Smithsonian Institute http://botany.si.edu/antilles/West Indies ; Polunin, O., & Stainton, A., 2006, Flowers of the Himalaya, Oxford India Paperbacks. p 371 ; Purseglove, J.W., 1968, Tropical Crops Dicotyledons, Longmans. p 378 ; Ramachandran, V.S., 1987, Further Notes on the Ethnobotany of Cannanore District, Kerala. J. Econ. Tax. Bot. Vol. 11 No. 1 pp 47- ; Rashid, A., Anand, V.K. & Serwar, J., 2008, Less Known Wild Plants Used by the Gujjar Tribe of District Rajouri, Jammu and Kashmir State. International Journal of Botany 4(2):219-244 ; READ, ; Redzic, S. J., 2006, Wild Edible Plants and their Traditional Use in the Human Nutrition in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Ecology of Food and Nutrition, 45:189-232 ; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (1999). Survey of Economic Plants for Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (SEPASAL) database. Published on the Internet; http://www.rbgkew.org.uk/ceb/sepasal/internet [Accessed 4th May 2011] ; Sasi, R. & Rajendran, A., 2012, Diversity of Wild Fruits in Nilgiri Hills of the Southern Western Ghats - Ethnobotanical Aspects. IJABPT, 3(1) p 82-87 ; Schuler, S., (Ed.), 1977, Simon & Schuster's Guide to Trees. Simon & Schuster. No. 136 ; Schmidt, E., Lotter, M., & McCleland, W., 2007, Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park. Jacana Media p 82 ; Sher, H. et al, 2011, Ethnobotanical and Economic Observations of Some Plant Resources from the Northern Parts of Pakistan. Ethnobotany research & Applications 9:027-041 ; Sp. pl. 2:986. 1753 ; Staples, G.W. and Herbst, D.R., 2005, A tropical Garden Flora. Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. p 412 ; Swaminathan, M.S., and Kochnar, S.L., 2007, An Atlas of major Flowering Trees in India. Macmillan. p 246 ; Swaziland's Flora Database http://www.sntc.org.sz/flora ; Terra, G.J.A., 1973, Tropical Vegetables. Communication 54e Royal Tropical Institute, Amsterdam, p 61 ; Thaman, R.R., 1976, The Tongan Agricultural System, University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji. p 412 ; Thitiprasert, W., et al, 2007, Country report on the State of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture in Thailand (1997-2004). FAO p 95 ; Tredgold, M.H., 1986, Food Plants of Zimbabwe. Mambo Press. p 110 ; UPHOF, ; Valder, P., 1999, The Garden Plants of China. Florilegium. p 306 ; van Wyk, B., 2005, Food Plants of the World. An illustrated guide. Timber press. p 254 ; Weckerle, C. S., et al, 2006, Plant Knowledge of the Shuhi in the Hengduan Mountains, Southwest China. Economic Botany 60(1):2-23 ; Wilson, A.J.G., (Ed.), 1994, Flora of Australia Volume 49, Oceanic Islands1, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra. p 63 ; Xu, You-Kai, et al, 2004, Wild Vegetable Resources and Market Survey in Xishuangbanna, Southwest China. Economic Botany. 58(4): 647-667. ; Yuncker, T.G., 1959, Plants of Tonga, Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Hawaii, Bulletin 220. p 97




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