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Canna indica

L., 1753

Canna comestible


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Classification/taxinomie :
Famille : Cannaceae ;
Synonymes : x (=) basionyme ;

Synonymes français : canna, canne d'Inde, conflore, balisier à fécule, balisier à deux couleurs, achira, balisier, balisier rouge, toloman, balisier comestible, canna d'Australie, tous-les-mois ;

Nom(s) anglais et/ou international(aux) : Indian shot, Queensland arrowroot, edible canna, capacho (local), achira (local), toloman (local), toulema (local), tulema (local), tous les mois (Antilles) ;


Comestibilité : fruit; racine

- rapport de consommation et comestibilité/consommabilité inférée (partie(s) utilisable(s) et usage(s) alimentaire(s) correspondant(s)) :

Fruitµ0(+x)µ et racine (racines {tubercules}µ{{{0(+x)µ) comestiblesµ0(+x)µ. Cette espèce est originaire de l'île de la Trinité, où elle est cultivée très en grand. Elle fournit la fécule
appelée Canna-root » (Heuzé)µ{{{76(+x).

détails :

Les rhizomes sont récoltés tous les 4 à 8 mois, ils sont consommés cuits ou grillés.
De la pulpe râpée on en extrait de l'amidon qui est utilisé dans l'industrie tel quel ou pour confectionner des pâtes alimentaires (vermicelles chinois)µ{{{31µ.
On extrait de son rhizome une fécule qu'on a appelée
fécule de Chouchoute, fécule de Toloman, fécule de
Tolomane, fécule de Tulemaµ{{{76(+x)µ ; elle entre dans la confection de pains, puddings, gâteaux et biscuits (appelés achiras), confiseries et sucreries ou comme épaississant entrant dans la composition de dessertsµ{{{31µ.
Racines sources d'arrowrootµ{{{27(+x)µ.


Précautions à prendre

Précautions à prendre :

néant, inconnus ou indéterminés.


Vendeurs graines : fleursdestropiques, "trade winds fruit" (en anglais), seedshelf

Illustration(s) (photographie(s) et/ou dessin(s)):

Illustration
Illustration

Par Sydenham Teak Edwards (1768-1819) (domaine public), via Wikimedia Commons



Liens, sources et/ou références :

dont classification : "The Plant List" (en anglais) ; 859"GRIN" (en anglais) ; INPI (recherche, en anglais) ;

dont Google (recherche de/pour) "Canna indica" : pages , images | "Canna comestible" : pages ; dont biographie/références de "FOOD PLANTS INTERNATIONAL" :

Queensland arrowroot references (Canna indica syn. C. edulis) ; ALCORN, (As Canna lutea) ; Altschul, S.V.R., 1973, Drugs and Foods from Little-known Plants. Notes in Harvard University Herbaria. Harvard Univ. Press. Massachusetts. no. 461 ; Ambasta S.P. (Ed.), 2000, The Useful Plants of India. CSIR India. p 101 (Also as Canna edulis) ; Bernholt, H. et al, 2009, Plant species richness and diversity in urban and peri-urban gardens of Niamey, Niger. Agroforestry Systems 77:159-179 ; Bodkin, F., 1991, Encyclopedia Botanica. Cornstalk publishing, p 210 ; Borrell, O.W., 1989, An Annotated Checklist of the Flora of Kairiru Island, New Guinea. Marcellin College, Victoria Australia. p 18 (As Canna edulis) ; Bot. Reg. 9: t. 775. 1823 (As Canna edulis) ; Brickell, C. (Ed.), 1999, The Royal Horticultural Society A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Convent Garden Books. p 225 ; Brouk, B., 1975, Plants Consumed by Man. Academic Press, London. p 227 (As Canna edulis) ; Burkill, H. M., 1985, The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vol. 1. Kew. ; Burkill, I.H., 1966, A Dictionary of the Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula. Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Vol 1 (A-H) p 440 (As Canna edulis), p 441 (As Canna orientalis) ; Cundall, P., (ed.), 2004, Gardening Australia: flora: the gardener's bible. ABC Books. p 324 ; Diaz-Betancourt, M., et al, 2001, Weeds as a future source for human consumption. (On Plants for a Future website) ; Dividich, J., Le, 1977, Feeding Value of Canna edulis Roots for Pigs. J. Ag. univ. Puerto Rico. (56): 3 p 267- (As Canna edulis) ; Engel, D.H., & Phummai, S., 2000, A Field Guide to Tropical Plants of Asia. Timber Press. p 125 ; Facciola, S., 1998, Cornucopia 2: a Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications, p 71 (As Canna coccinea), (Also as Canna edulis) ; French, B.R., 1986, Food Plants of Papua New Guinea, A Compendium. Asia Pacific Science Foundation p 20 (As Canna edulis) ; French, B.R., 2010, Food Plants of Solomon Islands. A Compendium. Food Plants International Inc. p 35 (As Canna edulis) ; Flora of Australia Volume 49, Oceanic Islands 1, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra. (1994) p 501 ; Gade, D.W., 1966, Achira, the edible canna, its cultivation and use in the Peruvian Andes. Econ. Bot. 20(4), 407-415. (As Canna edulis) ; Gard. dict. ed. 8: Canna no. 4. 1768 (As Canna lutea) ; Hedrick, U.P., 1919, (Ed.), Sturtevant's edible plants of the world. p 149, p 132 (As Canna achiras, Canna coccinea and Canna edulis) ; Hermandez Bermejo, J.E., and Leon, J. (Eds.), 1994, Neglected Crops. 1492 from a different perspective. FAO Plant Production and Protection Series No 26. FAO, Rome. p18 (As Canna edulis) ; Heywood, V.H., Brummitt, R.K., Culham, A., and Seberg, O., 2007, Flowering Plant Families of the World. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew. p 356 (As Canna achiras) ; Hibbert, M., 2002, The Aussie Plant Finder 2002, Florilegium. p 59 ; Hu, Shiu-ying, 2005, Food Plants of China. The Chinese University Press. p 329 (As Canna edulis) ; IRVINE, (As Canna bidentata) ; Jardin, C., 1970, List of Foods Used In Africa, FAO Nutrition Information Document Series No 2.p 12 (Also as Canna bidentata) ; Joyal, E., 1987, Ethnobotanical Field Notes from Ecuador: Camp, Prieto, Jorgensen, and Giler. Economic Botany 41(2): 163-189 (As Canna edulis) ; Kay, D.E., 1973, Root Crops. T.P.I. Crop & Product Digest No 2, London, p 120 (As Canna edulis) ; Kays, S. J., and Dias, J. C. S., 1995, Common Names of Commercially Cultivated Vegetables of the World in 15 languages. Economic Botany, Vol. 49, No. 2, pp. 115-152 ; Keller J. 2001, 2005, Canna, based on Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops' (P. Hanelt & IPK (eds.) 2001, Springer [Version 6.18] at IPK Gatersleben 2002. < http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/Mansfeld/taxonomy/search_names-mf.htm >. ; Kiple, K.F. & Ornelas, K.C., (eds), 2000, The Cambridge World History of Food. CUP p 1713 (As Canna edulis) ; Lazarides, M. & Hince, B., 1993, Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia, CSIRO. p 46 (Also as Canna edulis) ; Lembaga Biologi Nasional, 1977, Ubi-Ubian, Balai Pustaka, Jakarta. p 30 (As Canna edulis) ; Leon, J., 1968, Fundamentos Botanicos de Los Cultivos Tropicales p (As Canna edulis) ; Low, T., 1991, Wild Herbs of Australia and New Zealand. Angus & Robertson. p 103 (Drawing) (Also as Canna edulis) ; Llamas, K.A., 2003, Tropical Flowering Plants. Timber Press. p 168 ; Macmillan, H.F. (Revised Barlow, H.S., et al) 1991, Tropical Planting and Gardening. Sixth edition. Malayan Nature Society. Kuala Lumpur. p 337 (As Canna edulis) ; Morley, B.D., & Toelken, H.R., (Eds), 1983, Flowering Plants in Australia. Rigby. p 353, 354 (As Canna edulis) ; Ochse, J.J., Dijkman, M.J.,Soule, M.J.& Wehlburg, C.,1961, Tropical and Subtropical Agriculture. p (As Canna edulis) ; Ochse, J.J. et al, 1931, Vegetables of the Dutch East Indies. Asher reprint. p 93 (As Canna edulis) ; Peekel, P.G., 1984, (Translation E.E.Henty), Flora of the Bismarck Archipelago for Naturalists, Division of Botany, Lae, PNG. p 111, 110 ; Peters, C. R., O'Brien, E. M., and Drummond, R.B., 1992, Edible Wild plants of Sub-saharan Africa. Kew. p 14 (As Canna indica) ; Plants for a Future database, The Field, Penpol, Lostwithiel, Cornwall, PL22 0NG, UK. http://www.scs.leeds.ac.uk/pfaf/ (Also as Canna edulis) ; Plants of Haiti Smithsonian Institute http://botany.si.edu ; PROSEA (Plant Resources of South East Asia) handbook, Volume 9, 1996, Non seed starch. ; Purseglove, J.W., 1972, Tropical Crops. Monocotyledons. Longmans p 92 (Also as Canna edulis) ; Recher, P, 2001, Fruit Spirit Botanical Gardens Plant Index. www.nrg.com.au/~recher/ seedlist.html p 1 (As Canna edulis) ; Romanowski, N., 2007, Edible Water Gardens. Hyland House. p 83 (As Canna edulis), (Also as Canna lanuginosa) ; Smith, A.C., 1979, Flora Vitiensis Nova, Lawaii, Kuai, Hawaii, Volume 1 p 216 ; Smith, N., Mori, S.A., et al, 2004, Flowering Plants of the Neotropics. Princeton. p 424 (Drawing), Plate 56 (Photo) p 425 (Also as Canna edulis) ; Smith, P.M., 1979, Queensland arrowroot, in Simmonds, N.W., (ed), Crop Plant Evolution. Longmans. London. p 304 (As Canna edulis) ; Sp. pl. 1:1. 1753 ; Staples, G.W. and Herbst, D.R., 2005, A tropical Garden Flora. Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. p 645 (Drawing), p 646 (Also as Canna edulis) ; Swaziland's Flora Database http://www.sntc.org.sz/flora ; Tanaka,T., 1976, Tanaka's Cyclopedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing, Tokyo. (As Canna edulis) ; Terra, G.J.A., 1973, Tropical Vegetables. Communication 54e Royal Tropical Institute, Amsterdam, p 35 (Also as Canna edulis) ; UPHOF, (As Canna bidentata) ; Valder, P., 1999, The Garden Plants of China. Florilegium. p 354 ; van Wyk, B., 2005, Food Plants of the World. An illustrated guide. Timber press. p 114 (As Canna edulis) ; Wealth of India, 1959, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. p 58 (As Canna edulis) ; Williams, C.N., Chew, W.Y., and Rajaratnam, J.A., 1989, Tree and Field Crops of the Wetter Regions of the Tropics. Longman, p 217. (As Canna edulis) ; Williamson, J., 2005, Useful Plants of Malawi. 3rd. Edition. Mdadzi Book Trust. p 52 (As Canna bidentata) ; Woodward, P., 2000, Asian Herbs and Vegetables. Hyland House. p 48 ; Wu Delin; W. John Kress, CANNACEAE, Flora of China ; Yuncker, T.G., 1959, Plants of Tonga, Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Hawaii, Bulletin 220. p 86




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