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AVI. O



  
Explications de "AVI.O" :

le A, qui pointe vers le haut, permet de remonter,
le V, qui pointe vers le bas, permet de descendre,
le I permet de dérouler toute la page
(les différentes catégories)
et le O amène ici,
où vous pouvez revenir à l'origine,
en cliquant n'importe où 🙂


À suivre !




Dans "en savoir plus", je raconte les "dessous"...


A suivre !



Note alimentaire   MiamMiamMiam      |      
Note médicinale  SosSos









Pas d'illustration
pour le moment 😕


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  • Dénominations :

      

    • Nom botanique : Amaranthus viridis L.

    • Synonymes français :

      fleur de jalousie, passe-velours, amaranthe verte, épinard vert, épinard du Congo

    • Synonymes :

      Amaranthus spinosus var. basiscissus Thell. 1914 ;

    • Noms anglais et locaux :

      green amaranth, pigweed, Prince-of-Wales-feather, slender amaranth, tropical green amaranth, wild amaranth, local tete, African spinach, zhou guo xian (cn transcrit), ma see yin (cn transcrit), niao xian (cn transcrit), grüner Amarant (de), chiow hui (in), bayam itek (ma), bayam puteh (ma), cararu (pt), bredo (pt,br), caruru-comum (pt,br), carurú-de-mancha (pt,br), caruru-de-porco (pt,br), caruru-de-soldado (pt,br), bledo (es) ;


  • Classification

      

    • classique :

      • Règne : Plantae ;
      • Sous-règne : Tracheobionta ;
      • Division : Magnoliophyta ;
      • Classe : Magnoliopsida ;
      • Sous-classe : Caryophyllidae ;
      • Ordre : Caryophyllales ;
      • Ordre : Caryophyllales ;
      • Famille : Amaranthaceae ;
      • Sous-famille : Amaranthoideae ;
      • Genre : Amaranthus ;
      • Section : x ;


    • phylogénétique :

      • Clade : Angiospermes ;
      • Clade : Dicotylédones vraies ;
      • Ordre : Caryophyllales ;
      • Famille : Amaranthaceae ;


      Phylogénie végétale

      Arbre phylogénétique des plantes, montrant les principaux clades et les groupes traditionnels.

      Les groupes monophylétiques sont en noir et les paraphylétiques sont en bleu.


      Par Maulucioni (travail personnel), CC BY-SA 4.0,
      via Wikimedia Commons

    • Phylogénie végétale


  • Description et culture :

      

    • dont infos de "FOOD PLANTS INTERNATIONAL" :

      • Description :

        Une herbe ramifiée lisse et dressée sans épines. Il mesure 30 à 60 cm de haut et pousse à partir de graines chaque année. Les tiges sont minces. Les feuilles sont larges près de leur base et étroites près du sommet. Habituellement, les feuilles ont des encoches. Les feuilles mesurent 1 à 3 cm de long avec des pétioles exceptionnellement longs. Les fleurs apparaissent dans les angles des feuilles et les graines sont petites et brunes ou noires. Les pointes ne sont pas hérissées. {{{0(+x) (traduction automatique).

        Original : An erect smooth branched herb without thorns. It is 30 to 60 cm high and grows from seeds each year. The stems are slender. The leaves are broad near their base and narrow near the top. Usually the leaves have notches. Leaves are 1-3 cm long with exceptionally long petioles. The flowers occur in the angles of the leaves and the seeds are small and brown or black. The spikes are not bristly{{{0(+x).

      • Culture :

        Il peut être cultivé à partir de graines ou de boutures. Les graines poussent facilement{{{0(+x) (traduction automatique).

        Original : It can be grown from seed or cuttings. Seeds grow easily{{{0(+x).



  • Miam Consommation (rapports de comestibilité, parties utilisables et usages alimentaires correspondants) :

      

    Feuille (jeunes et/ou tendres, dont pousses et tiges ; cruesµ1µ ou cuitesµ1,32µ [nourriture/aliment : légumeµ~~~~1,2(dp*)µ, saladeµ~~~~1µ]), fleurµ1µ (jeunes inflorescencesµ32µ (dont bourgeons) ; cuitesµ1µ) et graines (séchées : cruesµ1µ ou cuites (rôties)µ1µ ; dont germesµ1µ) comestibles.(1µ*)

    Détails :

    Jeunes et/ou tendres feuilles, pousses et tiges utilisées crues ou cuites (ex. : comme potherbeµ{{{(dp*)(1,32)µ).

    Partie testée : feuilles{{{0(+x) (traduction automatique).

    Original : Leaves{{{0(+x)

    Taux d'humidité Énergie (kj) Énergie (kcal) Protéines (g) Pro-
    vitamines A (µg)
    Vitamines C (mg) Fer (mg) Zinc (mg)
    87.3 / / 4.5 72 169 6.0 /



  • Précautions Précautions :

      

    (1*)la plante contient de l'acide oxalique qui est toxique : selon les proportions consommées et la personne, celui-ci peut endommager les reins si
    il est ingéré régulièrement pendant plusieurs mois.1

    Cependant, certains légumes, comme l'épinard ou la blette, en contiennent dans des concentrations equivalentes ou supérieures sans que ceux-ci ne soient
    considérés comme dangereux ; de plus l'acide en question est soluble dans l'eau (proportionnellement à la température80) et peut donc être éliminé en
    changeant simplement l'eau de cuisson ; enfin, en y ajoutant du lait (ou tout autre produit laitier), une partie de cette acide se lie au calcium le
    rendant ainsi inoffensif.1

    Il sera tout de même conseillé de ne pas en abuser µ(dp*)µ, plus particulièrement aux personnes souffrants de problèmes rénaux et/ou ayant une tendance
    aux rhumatismes (polyarthrite rhumatoïde, arthrite, goutte, calculs rénaux ou hyperacidité), pour lesquelles il sera même fortement recommandé de limiter
    ou d'éviter complètement cette consommation potentiellement néfaste (étant donné qu'elle peut aggraver leur état) ou tout au moins de prendre des
    précautions particulières dès lors que cette plante est incluse (ou prévue) dans leur régime alimentaireµ{{{5µ.



  • Autres infos :

      


    dont infos de "FOOD PLANTS INTERNATIONAL" :

    • Statut :

      C'est un légume cultivé commercialement. Les feuilles ne sont consommées qu'occasionnellement. Les feuilles sont vendues sur les marchés locaux{{{0(+x) (traduction automatique).

      Original : It is a commercially cultivated vegetable. Leaves are only occasionally eaten. Leaves are sold in local markets{{{0(+x).

    • Distribution :

      C'est une plante tropicale. Il pousse également dans les endroits tempérés. Il est courant dans les décharges ouvertes. Au Népal, il atteint environ 1400 m d'altitude. Il peut pousser dans des endroits arides. Il pousse mieux avec des températures comprises entre 23 et 30 ° C. Au Yunnan{{{0(+x) (traduction automatique).

      Original : It is a tropical plant. It also grows in temperate places. It is common in open waste places. In Nepal it grows to about 1400 m altitude. It can grow in arid places. It grows best with temperatures between 23-30°C. In Yunnan{{{0(+x).

    • Localisation :

      Afrique, Algérie, Samoa américaines, Argentine, Asie, Australie, Bangladesh, Bénin, Bolivie, Brésil, Burkina Faso, Cambodge, Afrique centrale, Amérique centrale, Chili, Chine, RD Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, République dominicaine , Afrique de l'Est, Timor oriental, Éthiopie, Fidji, Gabon, Gambie, Ghana, Guyane, Guyanes, Guinée, Guinée, Guinée-Bissau, Guyane, Haïti, Hawaï, Himalaya, Inde, Indochine, Côte d'Ivoire, Jamaïque, Kiribati, Corée, Laos, Petites Antilles, Madagascar, Malaisie, Maldives, Mali, Marquises, Méditerranée, Mexique, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nauru, Nauru, Népal, Niger, Nigéria, Afrique du Nord, Inde du Nord-Est, Amérique du Nord, Pacifique, Pakistan, Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée, PNG, Paraguay, Philippines, Sao Tomé-et-Principe, Asie du Sud-Est, Sénégal, Sierra Leone, Îles Salomon, Amérique du Sud, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Taiwan, Thaïlande, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Turquie, Tuvalu,Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Afrique de l'Ouest, Antilles, Zambie, Zimbabwe{{{0(+x) (traduction automatique).

      Original : Africa, Algeria, American Samoa, Argentina, Asia, Australia, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Central Africa, Central America, Chile, China, Congo DR, Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Africa, East Timor, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guiana, Guianas, Guinea, Guinée, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Himalayas, India, Indochina, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kiribati, Korea, Laos, Lesser Antilles, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Marquesas, Mediterranean, Mexico, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nauru, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, North Africa, Northeastern India, North America, Pacific, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, PNG, Paraguay, Philippines, Sao Tome and Principe, SE Asia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, South America, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Taiwan, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Africa, West Indies, Zambia, Zimbabwe{{{0(+x).

    • Notes :

      Il existe environ 60 espèces d'Amaranthus. En tant que feuille sèche sans base d'humidité, 100 g de feuilles contiennent 283 calories, 34,2 g de protéines, 5,3 g de matières grasses, 44,1 g de glucides, 6,6 g de fibres, 16,4 g de cendres, 2243 mg de calcium, 500 mg de phosphore, 27 mg de fer, 336 mg de sodium , 2910 mg de potassium, 50 mg de vitamine A, 0,07 mg de thiamine, 2,43 mg de riboflavine, 11,8 mg de niacine et 790 mg d'acide ascorbique. % (sec). Albuménoïdes = 26,36% (sec). Glucides = 38,12% (sec. Fibres = 10,04% (sec). Cendres = 22,72% (sec). Azote = 4,06% (sec). Acide phosphorique = 1,09% (sec). Silicates = 2,84% (sec). C'est riche en proVitamine A{{{0(+x) (traduction automatique).

      Original : There are about 60 Amaranthus species. As dry leaf with no moisture basis, 100g of leaves contains 283 calories, 34.2g protein, 5.3g fat, 44.1g carbohydrate, 6.6g fibre, 16.4g ash, 2243 mg calcium, 500 mg phosphorus, 27 mg iron, 336 mg sodium, 2910 mg potassium, 50 mg vitamin A, 0.07mg thiamine, 2.43 mg riboflavin, 11.8 mg niacin and 790 mg ascorbic acid.The seed contains 14 - 16% protein and 4.7 - 7% fatChemical composition (after Hooper): Fat = 3.76% (dry). Albumenoids = 26.36% (dry). Carbohydrates = 38.12% (dry. Fibre = 10.04% (dry). Ash = 22.72% (dry). Nitrogen = 4.06% (dry). Phosphoric acid = 1.09% (dry). Silicates = 2.84% (dry). It is high in proVitamin A{{{0(+x).




  • Arôme et/ou texture :

      

    douce, discrète, très peu amère (plante entière?), céréale (graines)


  • Liens, sources et/ou références

      

    • Sources et/ou références : PROTA4U ; 5"Plants For A Future" (en anglais) ;

      dont classification :
      "The Plant List" (en anglais) ; 2"GRIN" (en anglais) ;

      dont livres et bases de données : 1Plantes sauvages comestibles (livre pages 100 et 101, par S.G. Fleischhauer, J. Guthmann et R. Spiegelberger), 32Herbier gourmand (livre par Marc Veyrat et François Couplan), 76Le Potager d'un curieux - histoire, culture et usages de 250 plantes comestibles peu connues ou inconnues (livre, page 15, par A. Paillieux et D. Bois) ;

      Plantes sauvages comestibles (de S.G. Fleischhauer, J. Guthmann et R. Spiegelberger, éditions Ulmer, 2012) / détails du livre ; Le potager d'un curieux - histoire, culture et usages de 250 plantes comestibles, peu connues ou inconnue (par Auguste Pailleux et Désiré Bois, 3ème édition de 1899) / détails du livre ; Semences de Kokopelli (de Dominique Guillet, 6ème édition, 2007) / détails du livre

      dont biographie/références de "FOOD PLANTS INTERNATIONAL" :

      Abbasi, A. M., et al, 2013, Ethno-medicinal assessment of some selected wild edible fruits and vegetables of Lesser-Himalayas, Pakistan. Pak. J. Bot. 45 (SI): 215-222, January, 2013 ; Abbiw, D.K., 1990, Useful Plants of Ghana. West African uses of wild and cultivated plants. Intermediate Technology Publications and the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. p 40 ; Achigan-Dako, E, et al (Eds), 2009, Catalogue of Traditional Vegetables in Benin. International Foundation for Science. ; Ajain, M., Ali, T., & Siddiqui, M.F., 2015, A Survey of Ethnobotanically Important Herbaceous Plants of Tehsil Jatoi,District Muzaffar Garh, Punjab, Pakistan. Int. J. Biol. Res., 3(2): 87-92, 2015. ; Ahmad, I., et al, 2011, Ethnobotanical Study of Tehsil Kabal, Swat District, KPK, Pakistan. Hindawi Publishing Corporation Journal of Botany Volume 2011, Article ID 368572, 9 pages ; Ali, H., et al, 2011, Ethnobotanical profile of some plant resources in Malam Jabba valley of Swat, Pakistan. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research Vol. 5(18), pp 4676-4687 ; Ambasta S.P. (Ed.), 2000, The Useful Plants of India. CSIR India. p 34 ; Ara, R. I. T., 2015, Leafy Vegetables in Bangladesh. Photon eBooks. p 26 ; Arinathan, V., et al, 2007, Wild edibles used by Palliyars of the western Ghats, Tamil Nadu. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge. 6(1) pp 163-168 ; Aryal, K. P. et al, 2009, Uncultivated Plants and Livehood Support - A case study from the Chepang people of Nepal. Ethnobotany Research and Applications. 7:409-422 ; Aryal, K. P., et al, 2018, Diversity and use of wild and non-cultivated edible plants in the Western Himalaya. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine (2018) 14:10 ; Barkatullah & Ibrar, M., 2011, Plants profile of Malakand Pass Hills, District Malakand, Pakistan. African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 10(73) pp. 16521-16535 ; Bandyopadhyay, S. et al, 2009, Wild edible plants of Koch Bihar district, West Bengal. Natural Products Radiance 8(1) 64-72 ; Bandyopadhyay, S., et al, 2012, A Census of Wild Edible Plants from Howrah District, West Bengal, India. Proceedings of UGC sponsored National Seminar 2012 ; Banerjee, A., et al, 2013, Ethnobotanical Documentation of Some Wild Edible Plants in Bankura District, West Bengal, India. The Journal of Ethnobiology and Traditional Medicine. Photon 120 (2013) 585-590 ; Bao Bojian; Steve Clemants, Thomas Borsch, Amaranthaceae [Draft], Flora of China ; Baro, D., Baruah, S. and Borthukar, S. K. 2015, Documentation on wild vegetables of Baksa district, BTAD (Assam). Scholars Research Library. Archives of Applied Science Research, 2015, 7 (9):19-27 ; Bhaskarachary, K., et al, 1995, Carotene content of some common and less familiar foods of plant origin. Food Chemistry 54: 189-193 ; Bircher, A. G. & Bircher, W. H., 2000, Encyclopedia of Fruit Trees and Edible Flowering Plants in Egypt and the Subtropics. AUC Press. p 22 (As Amaranthus polystachyus) ; Blamey, M and Grey-Wilson, C., 2005, Wild flowers of the Mediterranean. A & C Black London. p 41 ; Bodkin, F., 1991, Encyclopedia Botanica. Cornstalk publishing, p 74 ; Borrell, O.W., 1989, An Annotated Checklist of the Flora of Kairiru Island, New Guinea. Marcellin College, Victoria Australia. p 47, 173 ; Bortolotto, I. M., et al, 2018, Lista preliminar das plantas alimenticias nativas de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. Iheringia, Serie Botanica, Porto Alegre, 73 (supl.):101-116 ; Brown, W.H., 1920, Wild Food Plants of the Philippines. Bureau of Forestry Bulletin No. 21 Manila. p 48 ; Burkill, H. M., 1985, The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vol. 1. Kew. ; Burkill, I.H., 1966, A Dictionary of the Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula. Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Vol 1 (A-H) p 129 ; Busson, 1965, ; Cancilla, D., 2018, Ethnobotanical and Ethnozoological Values Desktop Assessment - Eliwana Project. p 10 ; Chandrakumar, P., et al, 2015, Ethnobotanical studies of wild edible plants of Gond, Halba and Kawar tribes of Salekasa Taluka, Gondia District, Maharashtra State, India. International Research Journal of Pharmacy 6(8) ; Checklist of NT Vascular Plant Species. January 2003. ; Chowdery, T., et al, 2014, Wild edible plants of Uttar Dinajpur District, West Bengal. Life Science Leaflets. 47:pp 20-36 http://lifesciencesleaflets.ning.com ; Chowdhury, A. & Das, A. P., 2014, Conservation through sustainable utilization of wetland leafy vegetables of Terai and Duars, West Bengal, India. International Journal of Advanced Life Sciences (IJALS), 7(4) p 653 ; Chowdhury, M. & Mukherjee, R., 2012, Wild Edible Plants Consumed by Local Communities of Maldah of West Bengal, India. Indian J.Sci.Res.3(2) : 163-170 ; Cribb, A.B. & J.W., 1976, Wild Food in Australia, Fontana. p 115 ; Cruz-Garcia, G. S., & Price, L. L., 2011, Ethnobotanical investigation of 'wild' food plants used by rice farmers in Kalasin, Northeast Thailand. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 7:33 ; Dangol, D. R. et al, 2017, Wild Edible Plants in Nepal. Proceedings of 2nd National Workshop on CUAOGR, 2017. ; Datar, M. N. & Upadhye, A. S., 2015, Forest foods of Northern Western Ghats: Mode of Consumption, Nutrition, and Availability. Asian Agri-History Vol. 19, No. 4, 2015 (293â??316) ; Devi, O.S., P. Komor & D. Das, 2010, A checklist of traditional edible bio-resources from Ima markets of Imphal Valley, Manipur, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2(11): 1291-1296 ; Diouf, M., et al, Leafy Vegetables in Senegal. Bioversity webite ; Dogan, Y., 2012, Traditionally used wild edible greens in the Aegean Region of Turkey. 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